Congo (Republic of the)
voting record significantly deteriorated in 2014. It became one of the least
supportive states within the African Group and within the Council in responding
to country situations.
Voting Record in 2016
Voting Record in 2015
Contrary to its strong performance in 2012-13, Congo failed to support all of the resolutions voted under agenda items 2, 4 or 10 in 2014. Congo shifted from support to abstentions on the Belarus and Syria resolutions. It also abstained on the resolution on North Korea and on the new Ukraine resolution. Congo voted against the resolution on Sri Lanka, after it had supported a hostile motion to adjourn the debate on the proposed text.
While failing to support country-specific action anywhere else in the world, Congo voted in favor of all the resolutions focusing on the human rights situation in Palestine and other occupied Arab territories (OPT). The contrast between Congo’s votes on the resolutions on the OPTsand its votes on all other situations raises serious questions about double standards and selectivity in its approach to the Council.
Congo supported the Council’s two special sessions on the Central African Republic and the session on Iraq, but it did not support the session on the conflict in Gaza. Congo did not co-sponsor any resolutions other than those cosponsored by the African Group. Congo participated in very few country-specific debates, only addressing the situations in the Central African Republic and Cote d’Ivoire.
Congo was elected to a second term at the Council for 2015-2017. During this term, Congo should change course and re-commit to supporting the Council’s full mandate, including addressing and preventing situations of violations and responding promptly to emergencies. It should also participate in more country-specific debates at the Council.
Voting record in 2014
Support for key joint statements in 2014
Congo voted in favor of almost all the resolutions focusing on the human rights situation in Syria. Congo also supported the votes on the human rights situation in Belarus and the amendments that would have improved the resolution on Libya in March 2012. However, Congo did not support the Council's action on Sri Lanka or Iran. Congo also did not support any of the key joint statements made on country situations.
Congo voted in favor of all the resolutions focusing on Palestine and other occupied Arab territories.
In 2012 and 2013 Congo co-sponsored 25 country-specific resolutions under agenda items 1, 4 and 10, all of them focused on African countries. Congo rarely spoke on country-specific debates of the Council, and only intervened in response to the High Commissioner’s updates and during the debate on Central African Republic. Congo should consolidate its engagement in the Council by expanding its participation in the country-specific debates of the Council.
Congo can build on the positive aspects of its engagement in the Council by revisiting its position on Sri Lanka and Iran, co-sponsoring resolutions dealing with situations outside of its region and participating more in country-specific debates of the Council.
The Republic of the Congo was a relatively positive supporter of the Council's action on country-specific situations, but could further strengthen its engagement.