Costa Rica

Costa Rica is an exceptional supporter of the Council's action on country situations. Its engagement is both non-selective and principled. Given its performance, Costa Rica should play a stronger leadership role in mobilizing other countries to help ensure that the Council addresses country situations that remain unaddressed.

2014 Analysis

Costa Rica has one of the strongest records in support of country resolutions at the Council and  among the Latin-American Group overall. It voted in favor of all country resolutions under agenda Items 2, 4, 7 and 10 – including the resolutions on Syria, Ukraine, Iran and Sri Lanka. Costa Rica voted in favor of all resolutions focusing on the human rights situation in Palestine and other occupied Arab territories (OPT). It rejected a hostile non-action motion presented by Pakistan to adjourn the vote on the Sri Lanka resolution. Although Costa Rica was a core supporter of the Swiss-led joint statement on Bahrain, it failed to sign the March 2014 statement on the unprecedented government repression in Egypt.

Costa Rica’s support for the Council’s mandate to address country situations is clear in its co-sponsorship of a relatively high number of country-specific resolutions under different agenda items, including those on Syria, North Korea, Iran and one of the resolutions on the OPT. Costa Rica supported the calls for two special sessions in 2014, one on the Central African Republic and another on Iraq. Unfortunately, it intervened in very few Council debates on situations of concern.

Costa Rica enjoys a solid reputation as a non-selective actor, putting it in a strong position to address accusations of double-standards by other countries within the Council. As it joins the group of observer states in 2015, it should consolidate its level of engagement and commitment by taking a greater leadership role in mobilizing action on situations that are not yet addressed at the Council. 

Voting record in 2014

Support for key joint statements in 2014

2012/2013 Analysis

In 2012, Costa Rica was the only member state that both joined all the key joint statements on country situations and voted in favor of all country resolutions put to the vote under agenda items 2 and 4. In 2012 and 2013 Costa Rica co-sponsored a total of 13 country-specific resolutions (on Libya, North Korea, Iran, Syria and Cote d'Ivoire) - the highest number of any country in Latin America.

Costa Rica voted in favor of all but two of the resolutions focusing on the human rights situation in Palestine and other occupied Arab territories.

The biggest flaw in Costa Rica’s work on country situations was its absence in the country-specific debates of the Council. Costa Rica only participated in the debates that focused on the situation in Syria and those in response to the High Commissioner's updates.  Costa Rica's participation in debates on countries such as North Korea, Sri Lanka and Iran would enhance its performance in the Council.

Voting record in 2013

Support for key joint statements in 2013

Voting record in 2012

Support for key joint statements in 2012