joined the Human Rights Council again in 2014 and continues to play an
important and influential role at the Council. It has been supportive of the
Council’s mandate to address country situations.
Voting Record in 2016
Voting Record in 2015
Mexico remains among the countries with the strongest voting records at the Human Rights Council on country situations. Mexico supported the votes on most country resolutions under agenda Items 2, 4 and 10. It voted in favor of all resolutions on Syria, North Korea, Iran and Ukraine. Mexico also supported the Sri Lanka resolution after also opposing a hostile non-action motion presented by Pakistan to adjourn the vote. The only exception to this otherwise excellent record is Mexico’s continued abstention on the resolution renewing the mandate of the special rapporteur on Belarus, in spite of the absence of tangible legal reforms in the country.
Mexico voted in favor of all resolutions focusing on the human rights situation in Palestine and other occupied Arab territories (OPT), including the text voted on during the Council’s special session on Israeli military operations in Gaza.
Though Mexico supported the Swiss-led joint statement on Bahrain, it failed to sign the March 2014 statement on the unprecedented government repression in Egypt.
It is surprising, however, that given Mexico’s prominent role at the Human Rights Council, it largely refrained from co-sponsoring country specific resolutions. In 2014, it co-sponsored just three resolutions addressing country situations, two of which were on Syria, the third being the resolution adopted during the special session on the Central African Republic. Similarly, the number of Mexico’s oral interventions during country-specific debates of the Council decreased over the course of the year: in 2014 Mexico intervened several times during the March and June Council sessions, but only once under Item 7 in September.
Mexico should consolidate its influential contribution to the Council by intervening more frequently during country-specific debates, co-sponsoring a more diverse range of country situations— in particular those addressing egregious violations—and revisiting its approach on Belarus.
Voting record in 2014
Support for key joint statements in 2014
Over this period Mexico developed a relatively strong voting record. It voted in favor of most of the country-specific resolutions put to the vote under agenda items 2 and 4 and the amendments that were made to improve the resolution on Libya in March 2012. However, Mexico’s skepticism regarding the need for a Special Rapporteur on Belarus, expressed through its abstention, was disappointing.
Mexico voted in favor of all but one of the resolutions focusing on the human rights situation in Palestine and other occupied Arab territories - the resolution on follow-up to the UN fact-finding mission on the Gaza conflict.
Mexico was a key advocate for the joint statement on Bahrain and was a signatory of the joint statement on Eritrea. It is regrettable, given its principled and prominent engagement in the Council, that Mexico did not sign the joint statement calling for the Security Council to refer the Syria situation to the ICC.
Mexico participated actively in the country-specific
debates in the Council. Its principled and informed statements on country
situations were an important contribution to the work of the Council. In 2012, Mexico co-sponsored five country resolutions, all of them
focusing on Syria. Mexico should expand its support for country-specific
resolutions in order to consolidate its engagement at the Council and should revisit
its approach on Belarus.