has among the worst voting records on country situations. Venezuela's voting
record reflects its hostility towards the Council’s engagement on any country
situation, except Palestine and other occupied Arab territories, thus exposing
bias double standards in the Council.
Voting Record in 2016
Voting Record in 2015
Venezuela’s voting record on country resolutions is identical to those of Russia, China and Cuba, making it stand out among the weakest of the Council’s membership. Venezuela opposed all country resolutions put to a vote, including on North Korea, Syria, Iran and Sri Lanka. Regrettably it supported the hostile non-action motion presented by Pakistan to adjourn the vote on the Sri Lanka resolution. Venezuela even dissociated itself from the consensus of the non-voted-on resolution on Eritrea. In contrast, it voted in favor of all resolutions focusing on the human rights situation in Palestine and other occupied Arab territories (OPT). The contrast between Venezuela’s votes on the resolutions on the OPT and its votes on all other situations raises serious questions about double standards and selectivity in its approach to the Council.
Venezuela endorsed a March 2014 joint declaration put forward by Saudi Arabia that backed the Egyptian government crackdown, despite the massive rights violations it entailed. It also intervened in many country specific debates of the Council by defending countries that blatantly violate human rights and denouncing the Council’s action on country situations as politicized.
Venezuela has repeatedly rejected reports and findings presented by UN human rights mechanisms. Furthermore, in a statement delivered during a debate on Eritrea, Venezuela qualified country mandates as “an instrument against progressive countries.” That said, Venezuela voiced strong concerns during the Council’s debates on the situation in Palestine, and used some of its Item 4 statements to address the US surveillance program and the situation of migrants in developed countries. The resolutions on Palestine were the only ones Venezuela co-sponsored. It supported the special session addressing Israeli military operations in Gaza in July 2014, but did not support any other special sessions.
Venezuela should not express support to governments that fail to protect human rights and instead commit to supporting the full implementation of the Council’s mandate.
Voting record in 2014
Support for key joint statements in 2014
Venezuela systematically voted against all resolutions on country-specific situations. It did not support any of the key joint statements on country situations. Venezuela was the only member state of the Council to vote against all of the resolutions addressing the human rights crisis in Syria in 2013. By contrast Venezuela voted in favor of all the resolutions focusing on the human rights situation in Palestine and other occupied Arab territories, exposing its double standards.
As a member state, Venezuela intervened in many of the Council’s debates on country situations. Its interventions were often geared at denouncing the Council's action, alleging that they were politicized, selective and interventionist. Often the delegation intervened to defend the concerned state's position. For instance on Syria, Venezuela denounced the existence of an international media campaign to "demonize" the Syrian government's efforts towards democratic reform and political dialogue:
"Observamos con preocupación la continuada y sostenida campaña mediática internacional destinada a satanizar los esfuerzos emprendidos por el Gobierno sirio, apelando a la manipulación de la información sobre lo que realmente acontece en el país”… "y desconociendo su voluntad política de vanzar hacia las reformas democráticas y el diálogo nacional".
Venezuela co-sponsored only the resolutions focusing on the situation in Palestine and other occupied Arab territories under item 7.
Statement of the delegation of Venezuela on Situations that require the attention of the Council (agenda item 4), 26th meeting of the 22nd session of the Human Rights Council, 11 March 2013.